All these thoughts are in order to choose the most economical and healthy illumination.
Some will immediately say that this is the lighting of candles when you make them yourself from rags to old clothes, etc.And with them will not argue.
Quality energy saving lamps last 3-4 years, but I do not advise putting. For most significant disadvantage few know all feel it.It is uneven spectrum – this means that some colors are visible at times worse than others. It therefore has to have 2-3 times brighter than normal. This leads to increased irritation of the eyes. The circular fluorescent lamps irritate less. Look for lamps with warm light – they offer much less, but have them.
No specialist would not recommend full light to be replaced with fluorescent because there is a significant difference in the spectrum of one and the other luminaries. Visual analyst Rights (eye) is adapted to perceive better spectrum of incandescent lamps because it is closer to the spectrum of natural (sun) light, although with much less intensity. There are studies of the ophthalmologists, proving that excessive standing indoors with fluorescent lighting leads to insensitivity of the eye to certain parts of the light spectrum that are not included in the spectrum of fluorescent lamps.
A significant drawback of fluorescent lamps is the dependence of their lives by the number of cycles-off. The more often they turn on and off, the more it shortens their lives.
The effect of energy savings through lighting can never feel of Bulgarian consumers with rising cost of electricity, especially after the inclusion in the value of the invoice price for use electricity price for power.
Efficient bulbs that replace traditional Thomas Edison, survived for over 100 years, can cause eye damage, dermatological diseases, neurological disorders and epilepsy, migraine, insomnia, stress, skin cancer and breast cancer, hormonal imbalance. Such are the conclusions that experts startle millions of users worldwide, but especially on the continent where European Union directive bans the old bulbs and inexorably impose new.
Really spiral, tubular lamps that are 80% more efficient and saving energy from old damage health? Compact fluorescent lamps – the most common and cheaper than energy-saving work in simplified form as follows: current network enters into a glass tube with a mixture of gases, including mercury vapor, and them “drive” to produce ultraviolet light. Invisible to the human eye, it excites fluorescence in the thin phosphor coating on the inside of the tube, producing a white visible light. The lamp operates at high frequency – of 30 to 60 kilohertz. According to the British Agency for Health Protection nine of 53 tested by her lamps emit UVC light (low-frequency below 280 nm). Sent by the sun, generally it does not reach the ground because it is absorbed by the ozone layer, but is much more destructive to DNA from popular UVA and UVB rays. At the very least, to which may result is a skin condition similar to sunburn. However, it may lead to mutations and skin cancer. The agency also recommended last October that person does not spend more than an hour a day to less than 30 cm from the economical bulb with single coverage (that is, those who have not scored in the second “casing”, ie their tubes are visible – practically probably all that can be bought in Bulgarian shops). John O’Heygan by the Center for radiation and chemical hazards the agency began investigations after groups of patients complained of lamps. Among them, there were people with autoimmune skin disease lupus (erythematosis), which is provoked by ultraviolet rays and cause pain and damage to internal organs. Fluorescent lamps also emit cold light. Their color temperature is as follows: “warm white” is less than 3,000 Kelvin (usually with bulbs 2700), “white” 3500 “cool white” – 4000 and “daylight” – 5000 (in mass bulbs at PAD 6400). The larger the number, the colder, i.e. blue is the light. It is more intense than that of Edison bulbs and irritate skin hypersensitive to light people. “It is very important that they be able to use light sources that do not affect their status. Their illnesses ranging from eczema to skin cancer,” said President of the British Association of Dermatologists Dr. Colin Holden.Over 340 thousand. People in the UK will be affected by this problem, says the Union for the charity “Spectrum”. Sinyata light in economical bulbs can cause stress and insomnia because it inhibits the production of sleep hormone melatonin warned by the German association “building biology”. According to Dr. Alexander Vunsh, one of the most famous experts on light and its impact on health in Germany, it may cause breast cancer because low levels of melatonin suggest a stronger effect of sex hormones such as estrogen – and he is guilty of some types of breast cancer “improper use of the new bulbs can facilitate the emergence of almost all diseases of civilization – such as cardiovascular, diabetes, osteoporosis and disorders of the immune system,” he warns. The spectrum of incandescent bulbs is closest to that of sunlight, so the most natural and the most suitable man. Efforts to replace it with “pronounced hormonal more active” energy saving lamp can 20 years be “horribly wrong decision”, whose consequences then no longer be correctable for many sufferers, citing Vunsh his US counterpart Prof. Abraham Haim, hronobiolog. EU refutes these concerns, stating that “there are no known scientifically proven research on risks for hormonal balance or cancer.” Cancer can lead electrosmog created by economical bulbs, says Dr. Magda Havas, a professor of environmental and resource Trent University, Canada. German Federal Office for Radiation Protection tested 37 different lamps and found that in all course there electrosmog, but he “did not exceed any limits” and “according to current scientific knowledge are excluded health disabilities.” Electronic transmission should not be underestimated, countered association “building biology” from Bonn.
“Energy saving lamps exceed global standards for broadcast to computers in some cases by 12 to 40 times,” says Johannes Schmidt from the Institute for Building Biology “Noybayern.” At least 50 cm distance between the body and the lamp recommended German Institute of Ecology. “The farther, the better, for example at double the distance electromagnetic radiation reduced by a quarter,” said Kwak Ditlinde.
Shake economical bulbs causing headaches and migraines, alarm does Association for action against migraine in the UK. Many patients complained of attacks. Six million Britons suffering from migraine and across the EU are tens of millions. There have been reports of seizures in epileptics, dizzy and reduce ability to concentrate. Energy saving lamps, however, say that thanks to the latest technology (the use of electronic ballast) will no longer flicker that is caught by man. Problems can only have a cheap and low-quality bulbs, they explain. In older models (ballast) is induced oscillation in the 100-Hz range (double higher frequency than the mains – 50 hertz). Large are fears of eye damage “People with old artificial lenses without UV protection may be jeopardized. It is not excluded because of economical light bulbs to increase the incidence of macular degeneration (associated with progressive deterioration of central vision – note. Ed.), “Said prof. Bernhard Lahenmayr, ophthalmologist and physicist. Alexander Vunsh conducted experiments with rats. After four days, a fluorescent light is observed first retinal damage them, and after 30 days – irreversible damage. He argues that in mice and primates may prove phototoxic damage caused by energy-saving lamps. Another thing that worries experts and ordinary users is the mercury content of the new bulbs. The package one can not understand how much it is. EU allows up to 5 mg per bulb. The company “OSRAM” argue that put 2.5 mg (for comparison – in thermometers banned already has 1 gram of mercury). He did not “out” of the tube, is dangerous only if the lamp breaks. The Council then is: if you can, collect mercury (it is liquid at room temperature), wipe the floor with a damp cloth, place mercury and cloth in a plastic bag and close it tightly, open a window and leave the room (where to throw the bag and the bulbs after their life is over, is another story). It is best, however, the lamp does not break. Alternatives and ways to “salvation” manufacturer “Megaman” introduced protection against breakage and spray bulb – thin silicon layer. Again this firm is the only energy saving bulb with much less electromagnetic radiation suitable for hypersensitive to light people – the model Sensible (11-watt cost from € 12 up 15 Watt – 15 euros).
Another option are the halogen bulbs whose light is close to that of the filament, but are 30% more efficient and LEDs, which do not emit high-frequency waves are also more economical. Both, however, are more expensive.
LEDs are referred to as the lights of the future. So you do not annoy too cold white light lamp push on condom advised German consumers. You can put it in a closed shade that is not transparent, or to turn up at the ceiling to reach you reflected light. To earth shades to reduce electromagnetic radiation, especially for table lamps offer experts from the German Federal Office for Radiation Protection.
Here are some facts:
-One Ordinary incandescent bulb can produce about 10-17 lumens of light per watt (10-17 lm / W). She does not live very long (Okolo 1000h), but is inexpensive to produce and does not contain environmentally hazardous materials. It is believed that there is no need to recycle.
-One Halogen or metal halide lamp can be many effective, sometimes close to the light bulb. (About 20-40 lm / W). The light from these bulbs is wonderful. Moreover, they often have a decently long life (2500-6000h)
-Energospestyavashtite Bulbs give about 40-60lm / W. They are inherently more wasteful fluorescent lamps. (Large well known fluorescent tubes are 2-2.5 times more effective than them).
-Luministsentnata Light of energy saving bulbs makes some colors seem strange and far less pleasant light from the filament.
-LED Bulbs are new, but so far most effective – still have their limitations, but some applications
are very good, and their life is exceptionally long (20000-80000h), and can operate at low voltages.
-The Package of energy saving bulbs usually writes that they are 5 times more efficient than incandescent bulbs. Unfortunately, comparative tables are manipulated and are not true. About 3-3.5x is more realistic picture.
-Makar Energy saving bulbs to consume less energy, they pull a very large peak current of equipment that is not harmonic (sinusoidal) and that electricity supply network must, suffering losses from this. This can lead to a change in the principle of charging for electricity, which in turn come out salty taxpayer.
-Energospestyavashtite Bulbs used cheap electronics that can often be dangerous. They can not enjoy better indoor lighting fixtures in bathrooms (for moisture), etc.
-Energospestyavashtite Bulbs can not be dimmable (to adjust the light), and in those where it is possible, efficiency drops dramatically, which in turn drastically fall, often subjected to electronic ballast pretty serious thermal shock.
-However That speak against pollution, energy saving bulbs contain mercury, which is almost never mentioned on the packaging. (A EU talk about limiting its use in areas where people significantly better know how to handle it by the user he might throw your old light bulbs in the window).
-Energospestyavashtite bulbs are more energy intensive to manufacture and more dangerous to the producing staff.
-Makar on warm days, heat transmitted from incandescent bulbs to appear wasted wind energy (about 97% of the energy it consumes bulb) in the colder days and in countries with colder climates, this heat is not spent in vain (at least indoors), but rather – spent is 100% efficient because warms the room. This, of course, is no incandescent bulbs effective, but here’s a great example in which the energy converted into heat is not so wasted in vain. I’m sure if this is taken into account, the estimated benefit of energy saving bulbs will fall by at least 10-30%.
-Luministsentnite Tubes and bulbs glow less or no glow in the cold.
-Only Incandescent bulbs now can be used in environments with high temperatures (furnaces, stoves, etc.).
Main Advantages of LED Spotlights
1. Low power consumption – in most cases, LED freckles consume 10 times less power than conventional halogen downlights. For example, an LED 3W moon provides light similar to that of 35W halogen moon. I.e. the difference is more than 10 times.
2. Long life – LED freckles usually have life several years of continuous illumination. Moons have a warranty of 3 to 24 months depending on the model. This ensures that the higher price you pay for LED downlights will pay off many times during the operation of the lower operation and lack of maintenance.
3. No heat – the maximum temperature to which the heated LED moons in a permanent job does not exceed 50-60 degrees to 30-40 degrees powerful and ordinary. For comparison, a conventional glass halogen downlights are heated to 200 degrees. This allows the moons of LED can be integrated without problem in furniture, wood and plastic boards, enclosures and fixtures and more. Moreover, LED moons safe when accidental contact by children, pets and more.
4. Dimmable and management – LED moons, which are fed with constant voltage 12V (series LL12 and LL20) can easily and conveniently manage and dimmable with all dimmers and controllers for LED lighting that are offered.