OFFICIAL NAME: Angola
CAPITAL CITY: Luanda
POPULATION: 24,300,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 1,246,700 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Portuguese, Bantu and Khoisan languages
RELIGION: natives religions 47%, Catholics 38%, Protestants 15%
CURRENCY CODE: AOK
ENGLISH NAME: Angola
POPULATION COMPOSITION: ovimbundu 37%, mbundu 22%, Congo 13%, nganguela 5%, nyaneka 5%, chokwe 4%, others 14%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 6052 (2014)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 55 years, women 56.5 years (2014)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0526
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 149
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ao
Angola is a republic of Southern Africa, Former Portuguese Colony; independence 1975. Formally, Angola has been a democratic republic since the 1992 elections ruled by the party MPLA. With regard to it is one of the world’s poorest countries.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as AO which stands for Angola.
By independence, the majority of the 300,000 Portuguese left the country and removed or sabotaged large parts of the production apparatus prior to departure. Since then, until 2002, the country was plagued by a protracted war between the MPLA and the rival UNITA party. These conditions combined with the colonial heritage and a failed socialist inspired development policy led to a societal collapse. After the peace agreement, a tremendous reconstruction task was underway.
Angola – Constitution and governance
Angola – Constitution and Governance In the period 1976-91, Angola’s constitution was based on the 1975 MPLA Declaration of Independence, and the MPLA was then the only permitted party. A 1991 agreement between the government and UNITA was in force until a new constitution was adopted in 2010.
The 220 members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for five years in proportionate elections, with the right to vote and to be eligible for all citizens over the age of 18. The President is directly elected by secret ballot for a term of five years with the possibility of re-election for a single term. In addition to being head of state, the president serves as the head of government and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The President has, among other things, power to appoint prime minister and other ministers and to appoint judges to the Supreme Court. Check youremailverifier for Angola social condition facts.
Angola – literature
Angola – Literature, As in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, there was only orally transmitted literature before European colonization in Angola. In 1849, the first book printed in Portuguese Africa (written by an Angolan) was published. Subsequently, an actual Angolan literature emerged, in Portuguese, but with an African perspective. A precursor was the novel Nga Mutúri (1882) by Alfredo Troni (1845-1904), while Castro Soromenho (1910-68) broke decisively with the Portuguese-oriented colonial literature. Under the motto “Let’s discover Angola!” about 1950 a reversal in the literature occurred through the journal Mensagem (Message), first in the lyric with, among other things. Agostinho Neto, later also in novel and short story, as Luandino Vieira (b. 1935) and Pepetela (b. Artur Carlos Pestana dos Santos, b. 1941) provided international level and impact.
During the long civil war that followed independence in 1975, a new characteristic flow has become increasingly evident in Angolan literature. The encounter with the brutal realities has created texts characterized by illusion and critical-ironic attitudes; this is seen, among other things. at Pepetela, but also at younger writers such as José Eduardo Agualusa (b. 1960).