Education in Haiti

Haiti – education

Elementary school, where students begin as six-year-olds, enrolls approximately 60% of each cohort, with Haiti having the lowest school attendance in the Caribbean (1990). The drop-out rate is high, and illiteracy is widespread. The six-year compulsory schooling was extended to nine years in 1990. approximately 3/4 of primary schools are private and especially driven by religious institutions.

The secondary education is seven years and takes place predominantly in private schools in urban areas. Here, almost 15% of each year group continues, but only about half of these reach the final exam, baccalauréat.

In recent years, great efforts have been made to increase the level of education of children and young people.

At the higher level, a number of shorter courses are offered, all in Port-au-Prince. In addition to Haiti State University, which oversees both private and public higher education institutions, there are two smaller universities in Quisqueja and in Roi Christophe.

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Haiti

CAPITAL CITY: Port-au-Prince

POPULATION: 10,413,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 27,750 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): French, French-Creole

RELIGION: Catholics 80%, Protestants 16% (Baptists 10%, Pentecostals 4%, Adventists 1%, other Protestants 1%), others 4%

COIN: gourde




POPULATION COMPOSITION: black 95%, others (almost all mulattoes) 5%

GDP PER residents: 758 USD (2012)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 52 years, women 53 years (2007)




Haiti is a Republic of the Caribbean; constitutes the western third of the island of Hispaniola. The country has been independent since 1804, when the African people seceded the area from France. Since then, Haiti has continually experienced political power struggles that have hampered economic development and integration into the world community. In addition, the country is plagued by earthquakes and hurricanes. It is one of the poorest countries in the world.

  • Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as HT which stands for Haiti.

Haiti – Constitution

The Republic’s constitution is from 1987. The legislative power lies with a bicameral parliament: the Chamber of Deputies with 83 members and the Senate with 27 members, all elected for four years by ordinary, direct election. The president has the executive power. He is elected by direct election for a five-year term and cannot be re-elected immediately. The president appoints a prime minister from the party that has a majority in parliament. The Prime Minister composes the government in consultation with the President.

Haiti – health conditions

The recurring political crises have had a negative impact on the health of the population. Life expectancy for men is 56 years, for women 59 years (2008). Maternal mortality is 1%, which is ten times higher than for the Caribbean countries as a whole. There is an increasing incidence of AIDS, tuberculosis and malnutrition, but only incomplete information is available on the situation in recent years. Haiti was one of the first countries to identify AIDS. AIDS is the most common cause of death among sexually active adults and is increasingly a disease that occurs among children. Up to 10% of the urban population and 5% in rural areas are HIV-infected. 4967 cases of AIDS were reported to the WHO until 1992. No further notifications have taken place since then, and the actual figure must be considered significantly higher. Malaria, filariasis and bilharziosis occur with decreasing frequency. Check youremailverifier for Haiti social condition facts.

Haiti Education