Education in Madagascar

Madagascar – Education

The public school system comprises a five-year primary school, followed by a four-year and a three-year course. Many do not complete the compulsory schooling for 6-14 year olds. In addition to the public school system, there are private schools, which include approximately 17% of students. Higher education takes place partly at the country’s six universities, partly at other higher education institutions. The illiteracy of the adult population is estimated to be approximately 20%.

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Madagascar

CAPITAL CITY: Antananarivo

POPULATION: 23,200,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 587,000 kmĀ²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): French, Malagasy

RELIGION: natives’ religions 52%, Catholics 21%, Protestants 20%, Muslims 7%

COIN: franc


ENGLISH NAME: Madagascar


POPULATION COMPOSITION: Madagascans 99% (divided into merina 27%, betsimisaraka 15%, betsileo 12% and 15 smaller groups), others 1%

GDP PER residents: $ 475 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 63.7 years, women 66.7 years (2014)




Madagascar is an independent republic and the world’s fourth largest island. Madagascar has a distinctive nature with many endemic plant and animal species. The population is very complex and includes Indonesian, Malay, African, Arabic and European elements. The country was a French colony from 1896 to 1960, and French language and culture continue to be widespread. Now it is one of the poorest countries in the world.

  • Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as MA which stands for Madagascar.

Madagascar – Constitution

The Federal Republic of Madagascar is from 1992 with extensive amendments from 1998. The Republic consists of six autonomous provinces (faritany), each of which has a provincial council with legislative power. They are elected by direct election for five years.

Republic legislative power rests with a bicameral parliament: A National Assembly with 160 members elected by universal suffrage for four-year periods, and a Senate with 100 members, of which 2/3 elected by the provincial assemblies, and 1/3 appointed by the President. They are elected for four years.

The executive power lies with the president, who is elected by direct election for five years and can be re-elected for a further two terms. The President appoints the Prime Minister and, on his recommendation, the other members of the Government. Check youremailverifier for Madagascar social condition facts.

Madagascar – Music

The traditional music influenced by the 16-21-stranded tubular zither, valiha used for religious ceremonies, and the whistle sodina. Modern music, watcha watcha and salegy, is based partly on local music, partly on western and pan-African popular music, and the valiha is part of both acoustic and electric ensembles. In the 1990’s, the Tarika group in particular has attracted attention in the West.

Madagascar Education