OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Mali
CAPITAL CITY: Bamako
POPULATION: 17,000,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 1,250,000 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, Bambara, Fulani, Malinke, Songhai, others
RELIGION: Muslims 83%, natives religions 15%, Christians 2%
CURRENCY: CFA franc
CURRENCY CODE: XOF
ENGLISH NAME: mali
POPULATION COMPOSITION: bambara 33%, fulani 15%, malinke 8%, soninke 8%, dogon 7%, diula 6%, songhai 6%, tuareger 4%, others 13%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 631 (2012)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 53.5 years, women 57 years (2015)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0407
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 176
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ml
Mali is a Republic of West Africa; a sparsely populated inland state and former French colony on sub-Saharan Africa. Since independence in 1960, Mali has been frequently characterized by internal and external refugee flows with a background of drought disasters and ethnic conflicts between the dominant black population in the south and lighter nomadic people in the north. Mali relies heavily on foreign loans and development assistance and remains closely linked to France.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as ML which stands for Mali.
Mali – music
Mali – music, Mali has a rich and diverse music tradition dating back to the 1200’s. with the epic song sunjata. A new traditional music is found in the wasouls, especially among female singers such as Oumou Sangaré (b. 1968). Between old and new can be mentioned Ali Farka Touré, a modern griot who played western inspired blues music with African roots (including with Ry Cooder). In modern, electrically based popular music, the orchestra Les Ambassadeurs (formed 1970) is the starting point for superstars Kante Manfila (b. 1947) and Salif Keita (b. 1949). Both the modern and the traditional music has a distinct Muslim tone and instruments balafon and kora is prominent.
Mali – movie
Mali films, In 1961, the Mali National Film Institute was established to create a production of short films and newsreels to inform the illiterate population. Many Mali filmmakers were trained in the Soviet Union and then employed at the Bamako Film Institute, which in the late 1990’s has one of the richest film environments in Africa. Directors include Djibril Kouyaté (b. 1942), who made Mali’s first feature film, Le Retour de Tiéman (1970), Falaba Issa Traore (b. 1928), Souleymane Cissé, Kalifa Dienta (b. 1940), Adama Drabo (b. 1953) and Abdoulaye Ascofare (b. 1945). Based on the Malian reality, their films often revolve around political and socially important issues. After the dictator Moussa Traorésfall in 1991, director Cheick Oumar Sissoko (b. 1945) took over the leadership of the National Film Institute and established the production company CORA films, which has helped many new talents on the way. Sissoko, who took over the country’s culture minister in 2002, debuted in 1987 and won the first prize at the FESPACO film festival in 1995 with Guimba (the tyrant). Check youremailverifier for Mali social condition facts.