Malta – education
The public education system is compulsory and free for 6-16 year olds and includes a six-year primary school and a five-year further course with both general lines and trade education. In primary school, students go to mixed classes, while teaching at the following level takes place by gender.
For higher education, students receive state support regardless of their parents’ income. Malta’s only university, founded in 1592, is located in Valletta; in addition, there are a few other higher education institutions for e.g. trade and shipping. approximately 1/4 of the students go to state-subsidized private schools. Illiteracy includes approximately 8% of the population (1996).
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Malta
CAPITAL CITY: Valletta
POPULATION: 400,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 316 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Maltese, English
RELIGION: Catholics 93%, others (especially Protestants and Muslims) 7%
CURRENCY CODE: EUR
ENGLISH NAME: Malta
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Maltese 96%, British 2%, others 2%
GDP PER residents: $ 9604 (2007)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 77 years, women 81 years (2007)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.875
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 32
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .mt
Malta is a Republic of the Mediterranean 90 km south of Sicily and one of Europe’s smallest independent states. Pga. its strategically important location, Malta and its natural harbors have been a pawn in the game of major powers since ancient times. Malta joined the EU in 2004.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as MT which stands for Malta.
Malta – Constitution
The Republic of Malta is a member of the Commonwealth. The constitution is from 1964 with later amendments. Legislative power lies with a unicameral parliament, the House of Representatives, which has 65 members who are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. A constitutional amendment in 1987 means that a party that gets more than 50% of the votes in a parliamentary election is guaranteed a majority of the seats in the House, no matter how many seats they had actually won. The president is the formal head of state; he is elected by the parliament for a five-year term and appoints a prime minister and other members of the government from among the members of the parliament. Check youremailverifier for Malta social condition facts.
Malta – economy
Malta has a small open economy, which in recent years has had slow growth. The country imports all energy and almost all raw materials as well as 80% of food consumption. The dependence on foreign trade has therefore given high priority to the development of the export-oriented industry and the tourism sector. Malta has low unemployment, and inflation is low, which is due to the fact that the government since 1982 has conducted a strict price control for to improve competitiveness. The exchange rate has traditionally been maintained since 1989 against a trade-weighted basket of dollars, pounds and ECU. Malta joined the eurozone on 1 January 2008. Although imports have been regulated for periods, Malta has historically had a large trade deficit, which, however, has been offset by service surpluses as well as income transfers from abroad. The country therefore has no significant foreign debt. The most important trading partners are the other EU countries, the USA and Singapore. Malta has been an associate member of the EU since 1976; in 2004, it became a full member after privatizing parts of the large public sector and cutting tariffs. For a period, there has been a large deficit in the public budget based on a well-developed social and health care system.
In 2005, Denmark’s exports to Malta were DKK 213 million. DKK, and imports were 37 mill. kr.
Malta – mass media
Four dailies are published in Malta. The island’s oldest and most respected daily newspaper, the English-language The Times, was founded in 1935 and has a circulation of approximately 20,000 (2005). In addition, The Malta Independent and two Maltese are published: the Nationalist Party’s In-Nazzjon Taghna (Grdl. 1970) and the trade union movement’s L-Orizzont (Grdl. 1962).
Radio began broadcasting in 1935, television in 1962. State-owned Xandir Malta had a monopoly until 1991, when a number of commercial radio stations and a cable television network were established. Satellite television quickly became widespread. After the liberalization, the state Television Malta and Radio Malta were joined by several stations, eg both the Labor Party and the Nationalist Party have their own TV channel.
Malta – music
Since 1200-t. is Sicilian church music known in Mdina, the capital of Malta until 1566; with the work of the Order of St. John, the inauguration of the Cathedral (1577) and the opening of the Manoel Theater in Valletta (1731), genres such as serenata and opera flourished. At local religious ceremonies, hymns (innu) for horn orchestra and a distinctive bell ringing, il-mota, are constantly heard. G. Balzano (1616-1700) is considered the first Maltese composer; outside the country’s borders were N. Isouard (1775-1818) known. Folk music is influenced by neighboring cultures with western and northern Mediterranean instruments and tonal material and with eastern tonal systematics and singing style.