Mauritania – education
Mauritania – Education, The public school system that is mandatory includes a six-year primary school for 6-12 year olds. Then there are two three-year general or vocational levels. Higher education finds place at the country’s university in Nouakchott. Illiteracy is a major problem and especially prevalent among women.
OFFICIAL NAME: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah
CAPITAL CITY: Nouakchott
POPULATION: 3,600,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 1,030,000 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Arabic, Fulani, Soninke, Wolof, French
RELIGION: Muslims 100%
CURRENCY CODE: MRO
ENGLISH NAME: Mauritania
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Moors 70%, (of which 40% “black” and 30% “white”), other blacks (wolof, tukulor, soninke and fulani) 30%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1224 (2013)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 60 years, women 65 years (2015)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0487
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 161
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .MR
Mauritania is an Islamic Republic of West Africa. Most of the country incl. the long Atlantic coast is desert; only the southernmost parts of the country lie in the slightly wetter Sahel belt. The former French colony became independent in 1960. A number of dry years with disastrous consequences have since transformed Mauritania from nomadic to urban communities. In 1980, slavery was officially abolished, but many blacks still live in slave-like dependencies on the lighter Moorish population.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as MR which stands for Mauritania.
Mauritania – Constitution
Mauritania – Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of Mauritania is from 1991. The legislative power lies with a two-chamber parliament. The 79 members of the National Assembly are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term, and the 56 members of the Senate are elected indirectly by local council leaders for a six-year term. Some members are replaced every two years. Specific Islamic parties are not allowed. The president is elected by universal suffrage for six years. After a 2006 referendum, the president can be re-elected for two terms. The president is the head of state and appoints a prime minister to lead the government. Check youremailverifier for Mauritania social condition facts.