Education in Mozambique

Mozambique – education

Mozambique – education, The public school system, which is characterized by high dropout rate, includes a seven-year compulsory and free primary school for 7-13 year-olds, divided into a five-year and a two-year level. The upper secondary education is partly general and consists of a three-year and a two-year level, and partly vocational with three lines: agriculture, industry and trade. Further education takes place at the University of Maputo and at other colleges.

Among the biggest problems are the illiteracy, which includes approximately 2/3 of the adult population (1992). The language of instruction is Portuguese, although this language is only the native language of approximately 1% of the population.

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Mozambique


POPULATION: 24,700,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 799,380 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Portuguese, approximately 30 bantu languages

RELIGION: natives religions 47%, Muslims 28%, Catholics 12%, Protestants 9%, other Christians 4%



ENGLISH NAME: Mozambique


POPULATION COMPOSITION: makua 47%, tsonga 23%, malawi 12%, shona 11%, yao 4%, other 3%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 650 (2012)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 52 years, women 53 years (2013)




Mozambique is a Republic of Southern Africa, Portuguese Colony until 1975. After a prolonged war of independence, the liberation movement Frelimo assumed power and established a Marxist-Leninist regime. The new regime was countered by internal resistance groups and by neighboring countries Rhodesia and South Africa, and it had disastrous consequences: In the early 1990’s, the country was considered to be the world’s poorest. After peace was concluded in the civil war, free elections were held in 1994, and after a slow start, the country’s economy is growing. However, the country is still one of the poorest in the world.

  • Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as MZ which stands for Mozambique.

Mozambique – Constitution

Mozambique – Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique is from 1990, when the People’s Assembly unanimously adopted the new constitution, which allowed opposition parties and introduced a free market economy. The legislative power lies with Parliament, which has 250 members elected by direct election for five years. The executive resides with the president, who is also elected for five years by direct election. He cannot be elected more than three times in succession. The president governs the country with the help of a government appointed by him. Mozambique’s 11 provinces are led by governors appointed by the president.

Mozambique – economy

Mozambique – Economy, After independence from Portugal, the economy was aligned with socialist ideals and the Soviet Union became a close economic and political ally. In the mid-1980’s, however, market economy reforms began, while Mozambique was geared towards the West. The country is one of the poorest in the world and therefore has a great need for financial support for its development. The industry was relatively well developed under the colonial rule, but suffered from the exodus of skilled Portuguese labor and management and the subsequent failed socialist policy. Privatization of state-owned enterprises has high priority in the current reform policy, and the government seeks to promote foreign investment in the country. In particular, investors from several of Mozambique’s main trading partners, South Africa, Portugal and the UK, have established themselves in the country. However, corruption has risen so fiercely in the context of growing foreign activity in the country that the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have effectively counteracted it as a condition for future support on par with traditional economic recovery requirements.

Since the mid-1990’s, Mozambique has had one of Africa’s fastest growing economies; Growth was somewhat offset by heavy floods in 2000 and 2001, but stimulated by foreign investment and assistance. In 2001, the country achieved debt relief of approximately 70%, and we have succeeded in reducing inflation and increasing tax revenues. However, the growing industrial sector, especially aluminum production, is poorly integrated into society and efforts to develop large-scale sugar production are hampered by EU protectionist agricultural policy. Despite progress, over half of the population still lives as low-income small farmers. Mozambique seeks to strengthen regional economic and political relations through participation in Common Market for East and South Africa (COMESA) and in 1995 became the first non-English speaking country in the Commonwealth.

The main trading partners are South Africa, Belgium and other EU countries. Denmark’s exports to Mozambique in 2005 totaled DKK 26 million. Danish imports to Mozambique totaled DKK 290 million. in 2004.

Mozambique – Health conditions

Mozambique – Health conditions, Even compared to other African countries, health conditions are poor. Health statistics are incomplete, and all figures must be reserved. The infant mortality rate is 142 ‰, which is among the highest in the world, and 25% of all children die before the age of five. The average lifetime is 47 years. The most prevalent diseases are infections, which are often caused by inadequate nutrition and lack of access to clean drinking water. Diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, measles, malaria, tuberculosis and intestinal worms are frequent causes of illness and death among both children and adults. Health care is poorly developed, especially outside the larger cities. There is 1 doctor per day. 65,000 residents and 1 hospital bed per 1200 residents. Half of the country’s doctors are foreigners, often employed by aid organizations. Check youremailverifier for Mozambique social condition facts.

Mozambique Education