Education in Nicaragua

Nicaragua – education

The education system became in the early 1990’s more liberal oriented with creation of private schools. approximately 1/3 of the population is illiterate (1995).

Children can start preschool as three-year-olds. The six-year compulsory schooling is fulfilled in the public, free primary school for 7-12-year-olds. Virtually all children go to school, but the drop-out rate is high: approximately 21% in 1994. The continued schooling, which lasts up to five years, includes general and vocational education and is followed by approximately 43% (1994).

Higher education is offered at six universities and three other higher education institutions (1996).

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Nicaragua


POPULATION: 5,600,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 130,671 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Spanish, Creole-English and few Native American languages

RELIGION: Catholics 73%, Protestants 17%, others 10%

COIN: córdoba




POPULATION COMPOSITION: mestizer 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Indians 5%

GDP PER residents: $ 834 (2007)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 68 years, women 73 years (2007)




Nicaragua is a Republic of Central America; the country is the largest in the region and has coastline to both the Pacific and the Caribbean. Volcanic eruptions and devastating earthquakes are part of Nicaragua’s history, but political and social upheavals, especially since the 1970’s, have brought the country into economic and social chaos. Agriculture continues to be the economic backbone. As in other Central American countries, relations with the United States are close and contradictory.

  • Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as NI which stands for Nicaragua.

Nicaragua – Economy

The Sandinista government introduced a socialist-inspired government after the 1979 election, which meant that a large number of companies and financial institutions were nationalized, and efforts were made to create a higher degree of social equality in society. However, a failed policy, civil war, and the U.S. embargo against the country led to a deep crisis in the late 1980’s, in which Nicaragua was plagued by hyperinflation and recession. A liberal system change followed the election in 1990, and economic policy has since aimed to restore macroeconomic stability with the help of e.g. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. Although the economy with a rising tourism since 1994 has been growing and inflation has come under control, Nicaragua remains one of America’s poorest countries with high unemployment, unequal income distribution and a large debt burden, which, however, was reduced by 80% in 2004 by agreement with the World Bank and Russia, which renounced Soviet receivables.

Following the re-establishment of relations with the United States, the United States has once again taken over the role of Nicaragua’s main trading partner; from 2005, the free trade agreement CAFTA applies. There is a large trade and balance of payments deficit. In 2005, Denmark’s exports to Nicaragua amounted to DKK 19 million. DKK, while imports from there were 2 mill. Denmark’s assistance amounted to DKK 180 million. in 2004.

Nicaragua – health conditions

The country has in the late 1900-t. underwent an important health development. Thus, life expectancy increased from 48.5 to 66.2 years from 1960 to 1995 (men: 63.5; women: 68.7); however, it is in rural areas approximately 10 years lower. Child mortality fell from 1980 to 1995 by approximately 50% to 43 per. 1000 live births. However, there is still a significant morbidity of malaria and malnutrition of children is widespread. With approximately 60% of the population has access to clean drinking water. It is stated that approximately 85% of the population has access to healthcare. For adults under the age of 45, violent death incl. accidents the most common cause of death. For the elderly, heart disease and stroke are the most common causes of death. Death due to infectious diseases is common in all age groups. Check youremailverifier for Nicaragua social condition facts.

In 1993, public health expenditure accounted for 5.2% of GDP; to this must be added the direct payment of patients. In 1994, the country had 0.7 doctors and 1.1 hospital beds per. 1000 residents

Nicaragua Education